爱尔兰习惯法

2015/06/26 09:53:02   1656   用手机打开   作者:世贸通移民   在线咨询

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习惯法

Common Law

爱尔兰是一个习惯法国家之一。它的法律体系的特点是依靠司法判决,而司法判决往往是根据享有法律效力的先例而定。习惯法是法律的起源,它是经过长时间的司法判决而出现的一个法律体系。现在在爱尔兰许多地方仍在使用习惯法的细则,目前的趋势是立足于将绝大部分法律变成法定法律。1975年我们成立了一个法律改革委员会,其任务就是改革和更新爱尔兰过时的法律。委员会的许多建议已在立法中得以实施。

As a member of the common law family, Ireland‟s legal system is characterisedby its reliance on judicial decisions, which by virtue of the doctrine of precedent enjoy binding force of law. The common law, as a source of law, refers to a discernible body of law which has emerged from centuries of judicial decisions. While many areas of Irish law are still governed by common law rules, the current trend is towards putting most law on a statutory footing. In 1975 a Law Reform Commission was established with the task of reforming and modernising outdated aspects of Irish law. Many of its recommendations have been implemented in legislation.

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