AMERICAN HISTORY 美国历史篇

58. What is one reason colonists came to America ?

问:举出一个殖民者当初到美国的理由。

A:freedom 答:自由

A:political liberty 答:政治自由

A:religious freedom 答:宗教自由

A:economic opportunity 答:经济机会

A:prACTice their religion 答:从事宗教活动

A:escape persecution 答:逃避迫害。

 

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived ?

问:在欧洲人来到美洲之前,谁已经住在这里?

A:NativeAmericans 答:美洲原住民

A:AmericanIndians 答:美洲印第安人

 

60. What group of people was taken to America andsold as slaves ?

问:哪一群人被带到美国当奴隶卖?

A:Africans 答:非洲人

A:peoplefrom Africa 答:来自非洲的人

 

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

问:殖民者为什么要与英国作战?

A:becauseof high taxes (taxation without representation)

答:因为他们必须缴付高额税捐,却没有任何代表权 (光缴税,没有代表权 )。

A:becausethe British army stayed in their houses (boarding,

quartering).

答:因为英国军队住在他们的房子里 ( 强行食宿,霸占空间 )。

A:because they didn’t haveself-government

答:因为他们没有自治权。

 

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

问:独立宣言是谁写的?

A:(Thomas)Jefferson

答:汤玛士 ‧ 杰佛逊

 

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

问:独立宣言是在何时通过的?

A:July4, 1776

答 :1776 年 7 月 4 日

 

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.

问:美国当初只有 13 个州,试举其中三个。

A:NewHampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, SouthCarolina, Georgia

答:新罕布什尔、麻萨诸塞、罗得岛、康乃狄克、纽约、新泽西、宾州、德拉瓦、马里兰、维吉尼亚、北卡罗来纳、南卡罗来纳、乔治亚

 

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

问:制宪会议达成什么事?

A:TheConstitution was written. 答:拟定宪法

A:TheFounding Fathers wrote the Constitution. 答:开国先贤拟定宪法

 

66. When was the Constitution written?

问:宪法是在何时撰写的?

A:1787 答:1787 年

 

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage ofthe U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

问:《联邦论》支持通过美国宪法,举出一个《联邦论》的作者。

A : (James ) Madison

答:詹姆斯 ‧ 麦迪逊

A : (Alexander ) Hamilton

答:亚历山大 ‧ 汉弥尔顿

A : (John ) Jay

答:约翰 ‧ 杰伊

A:Publius

答:普布利乌斯

 

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

问:班哲明 ‧ 富兰克林以何著称。

A:U.S. diplomat 答:美国外交官

A:oldestmember of the Constitutional Convention

答:制宪会议年纪最长的成员

A:firstPostmaster General of the United States

答:美国第一任邮政总局长

A:writerof“Poor Richard’s Almanac”

答:著作《穷人理查德年鉴》

A:startedthe first free libraries

答:开办第一批免费图书馆

 

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country” ?

问:《美国国父》是谁?

A:(George)Washington 答:乔治 ‧ 华盛顿

 

*70. Who was the first President ?

问:美国第一任总统是谁?

A:(George)Washington 答:乔治 ‧ 华盛顿

B:1800s   十九世纪历史篇

 

71. What territory did the United States buy fromFrance in 1803 ?

问 :1803 年美国向法国购买哪片土地?

A:theLouisiana Territory 答:刘易斯安纳地区

A:Louisiana 答:刘易斯安纳

 

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

问:举出一场美国在一八零零年代参与的战争。

A:Warof 1812 答 :1812 年战争

A :Mexican-American War 答:美国与墨西哥战争

A :Civil War 答:南北战争

A :Spanish-American War 答:美国与西班牙战争

 

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

问:美国北方与南方之间的战争称为什么?

A:theCivil War 答:美国内战(南北战争)

A:theWar between the States 答:州之间的战争(南北战争)

 

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

问:举出一个引发美国内战的问题。

A:slavery 答:奴隶制度

A:economic reasons 答:经济因素

A:states’ rights 答:各州权利

 

*75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

问:举出一件亚伯拉罕 ‧ 林肯的事迹。

A:freedthe slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

答:解放黑奴

A:saved(or preserved) the Union

答:保全 (或维护 联邦)

A:ledthe United States during the Civil War

答:在南北战争期间统领美国

 

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

问:解放宣言的用意何在?

A:freed the slaves

答:解放奴隶

A:freed slaves in the Confederacy

答:解放南方邦联的奴隶

A:freed slaves in the Confederate states

答:解放南方邦联各州的奴隶

A:freed slaves in most Southern states

答:解放南方大部分州的奴隶

 

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

问:苏珊 ‧ 安东尼有何事迹?

A:fought for women’s rights 答:为女权奋战

A:fought for civil rights 答:为民权奋战

C:RecentAmerican History and Other important Historical

Information (美国近代史和其它重要历史资料)

 

*78. Name one war fought by the United States inthe 1900s.

问:举出一场美国在一九零零年代参与的战争。

A:World War I , WorldWar II , KoreanWar , VietnamWar , (Persian) Gulf War

答:第一次世界大战、第二次世界大战、韩战、越战或海湾 (或波斯湾 战争)

 

79. Who was President during World War I?

问:第一次世界大战时美国总统是谁?

A:(Woodrow) Wilson’

答:乌德洛 ‧ 威尔逊

 

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

问:美国经济大萧条和二次世界大战时的总统是谁?

A:(Franklin) Roosevelt

答:富兰克林 ‧ 罗斯福

 

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

问:美国在第二次世界大战时是与谁作战?

A:Japan, Germany, and Italy

答:日本、德国和意大利

 

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

问:艾森豪威尔当总统之前是个将领,他曾参加哪个战争?

A:World War II 答:第二次世界大战

 

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

问:美国在冷战期间最担心的是什么?

A:Communism 答:共产主义

 

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

问:试图结束种族歧视的是哪个运动?

A:civil rights (movement) 答:民权运动

 

*85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

问:马丁 ‧ 路德 ‧ 金有何事迹?

A:fought for civil rights 答:为民权奋战

A:worked for equality for all Americans 答:为所有美国人争取平等

 

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?

问 :2001 年 9 月 11 日美国发生什么大事?

A:Terrorists attacked the United States.

答:恐怖分子攻击美国

 

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

问:举出美国的一个印第安人部族。

A:Cherokee , Navajo , Sioux , Chippewa , Choctaw , Pueblo , Apache , Iroquois , Creek, Blackfeet , Seminole , Cheyenne, Arawak , Shawnee , Mohegan , Huron , oneida ,Lakota , Crow , Teton , Hopi , Inuit

答:却洛基、纳瓦荷、苏、齐普瓦、乔克陶、布耶布洛、阿帕契、伊洛奎斯、库瑞克、布雷克费特、塞米诺利斯、斜阳、阿拉瓦克、萧尼、莫希根、忽隆、欧尼达、拉科塔、克洛、泰顿、贺皮、伊努特。

(主考官将拥有完整清单 综合公民)
 

Geography  地理篇

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

问:试举美国最长的两条河流中的任何一条。

A:Missouri (River) 答:密苏里河

A:Mississippi (River) 答:密西西比河

 

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

问:美国西岸滨临哪个海洋?

A:Pacific (Ocean) 答:太平洋

 

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

问:美国东岸滨临哪个海洋?

A:Atlantic (Ocean) 答:大西洋

 

91. Name one U. S. territory.

问:试举美国一个领地。

A:Puerto Rico 答:波多黎各

A:U. S. Virgin Islands 答:美属维京群岛

A:American Samoa 答:美属萨摩亚

A:Northern Mariana Islands 答:北马里亚纳群岛

A:Guam 答:关岛

 

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

问:试举美国与加拿大接邻的一个州。

A:Maine 、 New Hampshire 、 Vermont 、 New York 、 Pennsylvania 、 Ohio 、 Michigan 、Minnesota 、 North Dakota 、 Montana 、 Idaho 、 Washington 、 Alaska

答:缅因州、新罕布什尔州、佛蒙特州、纽约州、宾州、俄亥俄州、密西根州、明尼苏达州、北达科他州、蒙大拿州、爱达荷州、华盛顿州或阿拉斯加州

 

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

问:试举美国与墨西哥接邻的一个州。

A:California 、 Arizona 、 New Mexico 、 Texas

答:加州、亚利桑纳州、新墨西哥州或德州。

 

*94. What is the capital of the United States?

问:美国首都在哪里 :

A:Washington, D. C. 答:华盛顿特区

 

*95. wher is the Statue of Liberty?

问:自由女神像在哪里?

A:New York (Harbor) 答:纽约 (港)

A:Liberty Island 答:自由岛

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River) . ] (其它可接受的答案:新泽西州、纽约市附近、哈德逊河上)

 

Symbols 标志篇

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

问:美国国旗为什么有 13 条条纹?

A:because there were 13 original colonies

答:因为当初有 13 个殖民地

A:because the stripes represent the original colonies

答:因为这些条纹代表当初的殖民地。

 

*97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

问:为什么国旗上有 50 颗星星?

A:because there is one star for each state

答:因为每一颗星代表每个州

A:because each star represents a state

答:因为每一颗星代表一个州

A:because there are 50 states

答:因为美国共有 50 州

 

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

问:美国国歌的名称?

A:The Star-Spangled Banner

答:星条旗之歌

Holidays 国定假日假日篇

 

*99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?

问:我们在哪一天庆祝国庆?

A:July 4 答 :7月4日

 

100. Name two national U. S. holidays.

问:试举美国两个国定假日。

A:New Year’s Day 答:新年

A:Martin Luther King, Jr. , Day

答:马丁 ‧ 路德 ‧ 金日

A:Presidents’ Day 答:总统日

A:Memorial Day 答:国殇日

A:Independence Day 答:国庆节

A:Labor Day 答:劳工节

A:Columbus Day 答:哥伦布节

A:Veterans Day 答:退伍军人节

A:Thanksgiving 答:感恩节

A:Christmas 答:圣诞节

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