移民美国之后,申请入籍美国需要参加统一考试。世贸通美国移民专家介绍入籍美国必备的干货——100道美国入籍申请考题的问题及答案,供大家参考:

 

公民入籍新试题

NaturalizationTest (redesigned)

请注意:以下的新版入籍试题(100题),适用于2008年10月1日以后申请入籍的移民。或者如果您是在2008年10月1日之前申请入籍,而您的面试时间被安排在2008年10月1日之后,您也可以选择接受新版试题的考试。

 

*年满65岁、持绿卡20年以上者,只须学习有星字符号*的考题。

 

Principlesof American Democracy 美国民主原则篇

1. What is the supreme law of the land ?

问:何为美国最高法律?

A:the Constitution

答:宪法

 

2. What does the Constitution do ?

问:宪法的作用是什么?

A:sets up the government.

答:建立政府体系

A:defines thegovernment

答:设立政府规范

A:protects basic rights ofAmericans

答:保障人民各项基本权利

 

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution.What are these words?

问:宪法的前三个字说明人民自治的概念,这三字是什么?

A:We the People

答:我们人民

 

4. What is an amendment?

问:什么叫修正案?

A:a change (to the Constitution)

答:(宪法的)修正条款

A:an addition (to theConstitution)

答:(宪法的)增补条款

 

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution ?

问:现行宪法的前 10 项修正案被称作什么?

A:the Bill of Rights 答:人权法案

 

*6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment.

问:举出宪法第一修正案中的任何一项自由或权利。

A:speech 答:言论自由

A:religion 答:宗教自由

A:assembly 答:集会结社自由

A:press 答:出版自由

A:petition the government 答:人民有向政府请愿自由

 

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have ?

问:目前宪法有多少修正案?

A:Twenty-seven (27) 答 :27 项修正案

 

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do ?

问:《独立宣言》的作用是什么?

A:announced our independence(from Great Britain)

答:宣布美国脱离英国独立

A:declared our independence(from Great Britain)

答:宣告美国脱离英国而独立

A:said that the United States isfree (from Great Britain)

答:说明美国脱离英国而独立

 

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

问:说出《独立宣言》中的两项权利。

A:life

答:生命的权利

A:liberty

答:自由的权利

A:pursuit of happiness

答:追求幸福的权利

 

10. What is freedom of religion ?

问:什么是宗教自由?

A:You can pr ACT ice any religion, or not practice areligion.

答:你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以什么宗教都不信。

 

*11. What is the economic system in the United States ?

问:美国是什么样的经济制度?

A:capitalist economy

答:资本主义经济

A:marketeconomy

答:市场经济

 

12. What is the “rule of law”?

问:法治是什么意思?

A :Everyone must follow the law

答:每个人都得遵守法律

A :Leaders must obey the law

答:领袖也必须遵守法律

A :Government must obey the law.

答:政府也得遵守法律

A :No one is above the law

答:没有任何人能超越法律

B:System of Government (政府体制)

 

*13. Name one branch or partof the government.

问:说出政府三大体制中的任何一部分。

A:Congress 答:国会

A:legislative 答:立法

A:President 答:总统

A:executive 答:行政

A:the courts 答:法院

A:judicial 答:司法

 

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

问:有何方式可防止政府变得权力大太?

A:checks and balances 答:制衡

A:separation of powers 答:权力分立

 

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch ?

问:行政部门由谁负责?

A:The President 答:总统

 

16. Who makes federal laws ?

问:谁负责制定联邦法律?

A:Congress

答:国会

A:Senate and House (ofRepresentatives)

答:参院及众院

A:(U.S. or national) legislature

答 : (美国或国家 立法 机构)

 

*17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress ?

问:美国国会由那两部分组成?

A:The Senate and House (ofRepresentatives)

答:参院及众院

 

18. How many U. S. Senators are there ?

问:联邦参院有多少位参议员?

A:One hundred (100)

答 :100 位

 

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

问:我们多久选一次联邦参议员?

A:Six (6)

答:每六年

 

*20. Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators?

问:说出你的州的两位联邦参议员中的任何一个名字。

A:Answers will vary.

[For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, theanswer is that D.C. (or the territory wher the applicant lives) has no U.S.Senators.]

答:答案各州不同 。 (住在华府哥伦比亚特区或美国属地的居民应试者,当地没有联邦参议员。 )

 

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members ?

问:众院能有投票权的众议员有多少位?

A:four hundred thirty-five (435) 答 :435 位

 

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years ?

问:我们多久选一次联邦国会众议员?

A:Two (2) 答:每两年

 

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

问:说出你选区所在的众议员的名字。

A :Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates orresident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner.Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

答:答案每个选区会不同 –( 如果你不知道你的选区众议员的名字 , 可以询问当地市政府 . 或是上政府官方网页 :www.house.gov , 在左上方)

"Find Your Representative" 的地方输入你的 zip code, 可以查到你所在选区的众议员名字 .

(住在当地国会代表没有投票权的美国属地的应试者,可以说明当地代表或是议员的姓名,或是可以说明自己选区没有众议员。)

 

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent ?

问:联邦参议员代表何人?

A:all people of the state

答:参议员代表所在州的所有民众

 

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

问:为何有些州国会众议员的人数比其它州多?

A:(because of) the state’s population.

答:由那个州的人口多少而决定

A:(because) they have more people.

问:因为那个州有更多的人口

A:(because) some states havemore people.

问:因为有些州的人口比其它州的多

 

26. We elect a President for how many years ?

问:我们每几年选一次总统?

A:Four (4)

答:每四年一次

 

*27. In what month do we vote for President?

问:我们在那一个月选总统?

A:November 答 :11 月

 

*28. What is the name of the President of the United States now ?

问:目前美国总统的名字是什么?

A:Barack Obama 答:贝拉克·奥巴马

 

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now ?

问:现任副总统是谁?

A:JosephRobinette"Joe"Biden,Jr答:约瑟夫·罗宾内特·“乔”·拜登

 

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President ?

问:如果总统不能视事,谁会变成总统?

A:the Vice President

答:副总统

 

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, whobecomesPresident ?

问:如果总统、副总统都不能视事,由谁来作总统?

A:the Speaker of the House 答:众院议长

 

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military ?

问:谁是三军统帅?

A:the President 答:总统

 

33. Who signs bills to become laws ?

问:国会通过的法案由谁签署生效变成法律?

A:the President 答:总统

 

34. Who vetoes bills ? 问:谁能否决国会通过的法案?

A:the President 答:总统

 

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do ?

问:总统的内阁做什么事?

A:advisesthe President

答:他们对总统提出建议

 

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

问:任举两个内阁的部长职位。

A:Secretaryof Agriculture

答:农业部长

A:Secretaryof Commerce

答:商务部长

A:Secretaryof Defense

答:国防部长

A:Secretaryof Education

答:教育部长

A:Secretaryof Energy

答:能源部长

A:Secretaryof Health and Human Services

答:卫生与福利部长

A:Secretaryof Homeland Security

答:国内安全部长

A:Secretaryof Housing and Urban Development

答:住宅与都市发展部长

A:Secretaryof Interior

答:内政部长

A:Secretary of State

答:国务卿

A:Secretaryof Transportation

答:运输部长

A:Secretaryof Treasury

答:财政部长

A:Secretaryof Veterans’ Affairs

答:退伍军人事务部长

A:Secretary of Labor

答:劳工部长

A:AttorneyGeneral

答:司法部长

 

37. What does the judicial branch do ?

问:司法部门做什么事?

A:reviewslaws

答:检讨现有法律

A:explainslaws

答:解释法律

A:resolvesdisputes (disagreements)

答:解决争议

A:decidesif a law goes against the Constitution

答:决定某一法律是否抵触宪法

 

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

问:美国最高的法院是什么?

A :the Supreme Court

答:联邦最高法院

 

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

问:联邦最高法院有几位大法官?

A :nine (9) 答:九位

 

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States ?

问:谁是目前的联邦首席大法官?

A:JohnRoberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.) 答:约翰 ‧ 罗伯兹

 

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. Whatis one power of the federal government?

问:根据宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。举出一项联邦政府的权力。

 

A :to print money

答:印钞票

A :to declare war

答:宣战

A :to create an army

答:建立军队

A :to make treaties

答:签订条约

 

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one powerof the states?

问:根据宪法,有些权力属于州政府。举出一项州政府权力的例子。

A :provide schooling and education

答:提供教育

A :provide protection (police)

答:提供治安保护(警察)

A :provide safety (fire departments)

答:提供安全(消防局)

A :give a driver's license

答:提供驾照

A :approve zoning and land use

答:审批区划和土地使用

 

43. Who is the Governor of your state ?

问:你居住州的州长是谁?

A:Answerswill vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S.

territories without a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]

答:答案各州不同 ,。(哥伦比亚特区和美国属地居民,应回答他们没有州长 .)

 

*44. What is the capital of your state ?

问:你居住州的首府在哪里?

A:Answerswill vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that

D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territoriesshould name the capital of the territory.]

答:答案各州不同 。(哥伦比亚特区居民,应回答哥伦比亚特区不是一个州,因此没有首府)。

 

*45. What are the two major political parties in the United States ?

问:美国当今两大政党为何?

A:Democraticand Republican

答:民主党及共和党

 

46. What is the political party of the President now ?

问:现任总统属于哪个政党?

A:Democraticand (Party)

答:民主党

 

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now ?

问:现任国会众院议长是谁?

A:John Boehner

答:约翰·博纳

C:Rightsand Responsibilities (权利与责任)

 

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describeone of them.

问:宪法里面有四条关于哪些人拥有投票权的修正案,试举一项。

A:Citizenseighteen (18) and older can vote.

答:任何年满 18 岁的公民都可以投票

A:You don't have to pay (apoll tax) to vote.

答:不必缴钱就可以投票 (不必缴投票税就可以投票)

A:Any citizen canvote.(Women and men can vote.)

答:任何男性或女性公民都可以投票 (男性和女性都可以投票)

A:Amale citizen of any race can vote.

答:任何种族的男性公民都可以投票

 

*49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

问:举出一项只有美国公民才有的责任。

A:serveon a jury

答:当陪审员

A:vote

答:投票

 

50. What are two rights only for United States citizens ?

问:举出两项只有美国公民才拥有的权利。

A:applyfor a federal job

答:申请联邦工作的权利

A:vote

答:投票权

A:runfor office

答:竞选公职的权利

A:carrya U.S. passport

答:携带美国护照

 

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

问:举出两项每一个住在美国的人都拥有的权利。

A:freedomof expression

答:表达自由

A:freedom of speech

答:言论自由

A:freedom of assembly

答:集会自由

A:freedomto petition the government

答:向政府请愿的自由

A:freedomof worship

答:宗教信仰自由

A:theright to bear arms

答:拥有武器的权利

 

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say thePledge of Allegiance ?

问:我们宣誓效忠时是向什么表达忠诚?

A :the United States

答:美利坚合众国

A :the flag

答:国旗

 

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

问:举出一项在入籍成为公民时提出的承诺。

A:giveup loyalty to other countries

答:放弃效忠其它国家

A:defendthe Constitution and laws of the United States

答:护卫美国的宪法和法律

A:obeythe laws of the United States

答:遵守美国的法律

A:servein the U.S. military (if needed )

答:在必要时加入美国军队

A:serve(do important work for) the nation (if needed)

答:在必要时为国效劳(在必要时为美国执行重要的工作)。

A:be loyal to the UnitedStates

答:效忠美国

 

*54. How old do citizens have to be to vote forPresident?

问:美国公民几岁以上可以投票选举总统?

A :eighteen (18) and older

答:满 18 岁

 

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy ?

问:举出两种美国人参与民主政治的方法?

A:vote

答:投票

A:joina political party

答:加入政党

A:helpwith a campaign

答:协助竞选活动

A:joina civic group

答:加入公民团体

A:joina community group

答:加入小区团体

A:givean elected official your opinion on an issue

答:向民选官员提供自己对某个议题的意见

A:call Senators andRepresentatives

答:与参议员和众议员连络

A:publiclysupport or oppose an issue or policy

答:公开支持或反对某个议题或政策

A:runfor office

答:竞选公职

A:writeto a newspaper

答:写信给报纸

 

*56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms ?问:寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?

A:April15

答:每年的 4 月 15 日

 

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?

问:所有男子何时必须做兵役登记?

A :at age eighteen (18)

答 :18 岁

A :between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

答 :18 岁至 26 岁之间

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