爱尔兰的法律体系

2015/06/26 09:53:02   1774   用手机打开   作者:世贸通移民   在线咨询

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The Irish Legal System

爱尔兰的法律体制有些特别,它是由英国传统的习惯法派生而来。在过去的七年里,通过两国司法和立法机构的共同努力,爱尔兰的法律体系有了很大的发展。爱尔兰1921年的独立标志着它的法律体系从英国的体系中分裂出来,1937年,爱尔兰人民又颁布了爱尔兰宪法。它制定了治国的基本原则并纳入了许多基本权利的条款。爱尔兰加入欧盟后,法律体系也有所改变,最重要的改变是在其权限内本国法律服从欧洲法律。

Ireland‟s legal system is somewhat unique. While it is derived from the Englishcommon law tradition, the past seventy years have seen the Irish legal system undergo a process of dynamic development at the initiative of both the judiciary and the legislature. The achievement of independence in 1921 marked a break from the British system and was followed by the enactment of the Irish Constitution by the People in 1937. This laid out the fundamental principles upon which the State was to be governed and also incorporated extensive fundamental rights provisions. Changes to the legal system have been introduced as a consequence of Ireland‟s membership of the European Union, the most significant of which has been the subordination of national law to European law within its sphere of competence.

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